Bullmastiffs: Traits, Health, Diet and Care


Learn about the loyal Bullmastiff, from their care needs to training tips. Get to know how to keep these affectionate giants healthy and happy.

Coat Type: Smooth
Coat Length: Short
Male Height: 25-27 inches
Female Height: 24-26 inches
Male Weight: 110-130 pounds
Female Weight: 100-120 pounds
Life Expectancy: 7-9 years

Breed Characteristics

Adaptability level
Affectionate with family
Drooling level
Barking level
Coat grooming frequency
Energy level
Good with other dogs
Good with young children
Mental stimulation needs
Openness to strangers
Playfulness level
Shedding level
Trainability level
Watchdog protective nature


Bullmastiffs have garnered a reputation for being both formidable guardians and affectionate family members, which has significantly contributed to their popularity around the globe. These gentle giants, with their impressive stature and loyal nature, have captured the hearts of dog lovers who are looking for a breed that embodies strength and tenderness in equal measure.

In this article, we will delve into the world of Bullmastiffs, offering insights into their unique characteristics, dietary needs, common health concerns, effective training strategies, and general care tips.

Whether you're a seasoned Bullmastiff owner or considering adding one to your family, this guide aims to provide valuable information to help you understand and care for these magnificent dogs. Stay tuned to uncover the essential aspects of living with and loving a Bullmastiff.

Bullmastiffs Traits and Characteristics

Bullmastiffs are a powerful and imposing breed, known for their strength, loyalty, and protective instincts. Originating as estate guardians, these dogs have a calm confidence and a reliable temperament, making them excellent companions and family protectors. Their striking appearance paired with a gentle nature creates a unique blend of might and mildness that is admired by many dog enthusiasts around the world.

  • Affectionate with family: Known for their strong bond with their owners, they are devoted and loving towards their families, showing a good deal of affection.
  • Good with young children: They exhibit patience and have a gentle demeanor around children, making them suitable for families with little ones.
  • Good with other dogs: Displaying a moderate level of friendliness toward other canines, they can coexist peacefully when properly socialized.
  • Shedding level: They have a moderate shedding rate, which means they do lose some hair, but it is manageable with regular grooming.
  • Coat grooming frequency: With a short and smooth coat, they require minimal grooming, making maintenance a relatively easy task.
  • Drooling level: As with many large breeds, they can be prone to drooling, especially after drinking water or when they are excited.
  • Coat type: Their coat is smooth, providing them with a sleek and neat appearance.
  • Coat length: They possess a short coat, which contributes to their tidy and low-maintenance grooming needs.
  • Openness to strangers: They show a reserved nature around strangers, being cautious but not overtly aggressive.
  • Playfulness level: They display a moderate level of playfulness, enjoying interactive games and activities with their owners.
  • Watchdog/protective nature: Highly protective, they are vigilant and always on the alert, making them top-notch watchdogs.
  • Adaptability level: They are adaptable to a certain extent, but they thrive best in environments that match their physical and mental needs.
  • Trainability level: They respond well to training, showing a high level of intelligence and a willingness to learn, which makes them trainable with the right approach.
  • Energy level: They possess a good amount of energy, requiring regular exercise to maintain their health and happiness.
  • Barking level: They are not known for excessive barking, making them relatively quiet companions.
  • Mental stimulation needs: They require ample mental stimulation to keep them engaged and prevent boredom, which can lead to destructive behavior.
  • Physical traits: Males typically stand between 25-27 inches tall and weigh 110-130 pounds, while females are slightly smaller, standing 24-26 inches tall and weighing 100-120 pounds.
  • Life expectancy: The breed generally lives for about 7-9 years, so owners should be committed to providing a loving home for their lifespan.

These traits make Bullmastiffs formidable yet affectionate companions, suited for those who can provide them with the leadership, exercise, and care they need.

Food and Nutrition - Keeping Bullmastiffs Healthy

Bullmastiffs, with their robust build, have specific dietary needs that are crucial for maintaining their health and vitality. A balanced diet for a Bullmastiff should include the right proportions of protein, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals to support their large frame and energetic lifestyle.

High-quality dog food that meets these nutrient requirements can help keep them in top condition. Ensuring that they get low-fat dog food with adequate protein can support their muscle mass without putting on excess weight, which is important for such a large breed.

When it comes to treats, it is essential to choose options that contribute positively to a Bullmastiff's health. Our chew product, the Tibetan Dog Chew, is an excellent example of a treat that can be both satisfying and beneficial for dogs. Made from 100% natural ingredients like Yak and Cow milk, with no preservatives, this high-protein chew is hand-crafted to provide a long-lasting and hard texture that Bullmastiffs will love.

It's also non-staining and minimal odor, perfect for indoor chewing sessions. However, it's important to note that while this chew is rich in protein and low in fat, it is not an alternative to their main diet but rather a supplement for occasional enjoyment.

Feeding a Bullmastiff the right amount of good dog food is also important. Generally, adult Bullmastiffs should be fed twice a day with controlled portions to prevent overfeeding and obesity, which can lead to health issues.

Treats like the Tibetan Dog Chew should be given sparingly, ensuring that the primary focus remains on a balanced diet that fulfills all of their nutritional needs. By paying attention to the quality and quantity of their food, owners can help their Bullmastiffs lead a healthy, happy life.

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Health Information of Bullmastiffs

Bullmastiffs are a sturdy breed, but like any large dog, they come with specific health concerns that owners should be aware of. Their life expectancy typically ranges from 7 to 9 years, and during this time, they may encounter certain health issues that require careful attention and regular veterinary care. Keeping up with routine care for Bullmastiffs is key to managing their well-being and ensuring they live full, healthy lives.

Common health problems in Bullmastiffs include:

  • Hip and elbow dysplasia: These are common conditions in large breeds, where the joints may develop improperly, leading to pain and mobility issues.
  • Gastric torsion (bloat): This serious condition can occur if the stomach becomes distended with gas and then twists, cutting off blood supply. It requires immediate veterinary attention.
  • Hypothyroidism: An underactive thyroid can lead to issues like obesity, lethargy, and skin problems.
  • Cancer: Unfortunately, Bullmastiffs can be prone to various forms of cancer, which is a leading cause of death in the breed.
  • Heart conditions: They can be susceptible to heart diseases such as cardiomyopathy, which affects the heart muscle.

To help maintain a Bullmastiff's health, owners should:

  • Provide regular exercise to maintain a healthy weight and prevent joint issues.
  • Ensure a balanced diet to support overall health, including heart health and digestive function.
  • Schedule regular veterinary check-ups to catch any issues early and vaccinate against common diseases.
  • Monitor for any signs of illness and seek professional help if there are concerns about their health.

Incorporating antler products as a part of a Bullmastiff's routine care can also be beneficial. Chews made from antlers can help with dental hygiene by reducing plaque and tartar buildup as the dog chews, which is important for preventing dental diseases.

Additionally, antler chews are a natural source of minerals such as calcium and phosphorus, which are essential for bone health. However, it's important to choose the right size and type of antler chew to prevent any choking hazards or tooth damage, and to supervise your dog during chewing sessions.

Always remember that while there are many steps you can take at home to support a Bullmastiff's health, professional veterinary care is irreplaceable. Regular check-ups, along with timely medical intervention for any health issues, are the cornerstones of keeping your Bullmastiff healthy and happy.

How To Train and Care Bullmastiffs

Training a Bullmastiff requires consistency, patience, and positive reinforcement. These dogs are intelligent and have a high trainability level, which means they learn quickly when the right methods are applied.

Effective training should start early, as puppies are more adaptable and responsive to learning basic dog training commands like 'sit', 'stay', 'come', and 'heel'. Using treats as rewards for good behavior is an excellent way to motivate a Bullmastiff during training sessions, and our Puffs products can serve as the perfect incentive.

Our Puffs treats, which contain the same natural and nutritious ingredients as the Tibetan Dog Chew, are ideal for training. They're small, convenient, and highly palatable, making them an immediate reward that can help reinforce positive behavior.

During obedience training for Bullmastiffs at home, these treats can be used to reward immediate responses to commands, helping to establish clear communication between the dog and the owner. Since they are made from limited ingredients such as Yak and Cow milk, salt, and lime juice, they're a healthy choice that won't upset the dog's diet when used in moderation.

In addition to using treats, Bullmastiffs benefit from regular grooming maintenance and affection to strengthen the bond between the dog and the owner. Establishing a routine care schedule that includes exercise, grooming, and mental stimulation is crucial for their well-being.

Exercise for Bullmastiffs should be appropriate for their size and energy level, including walks and playtime to keep them fit and prevent boredom. Remember to always keep training sessions positive and enjoyable, and if there are any challenges in training your Bullmastiff, seeking the help of a professional dog trainer can be a valuable step to ensure the best outcome.

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Best Popular and Unique Names For Bullmastiffs

Searching for a great and unique dog name for your Bullmastiffs? Worry not, here are some unique and purr-fect dog names for your furry friend.

Male Bullmastiffs Name Female Bullmastiffs Name
Maximus Bella
Duke Athena
Brutus Luna
Thor Stella
Titan Sadie
Apollo Daisy
Baxter Amber
Samson Ruby
Caesar Cleo
Ranger Willow

Frequently Asked Questions about Bullmastiffs

Are Bullmastiffs good family dogs?

Yes, Bullmastiffs are known to be affectionate with their families and can be good with young children when socialized properly. They are loyal and protective, making them excellent family companions. However, due to their large size, supervision is recommended around small children.

How much exercise does a Bullmastiff need?

Despite their size, Bullmastiffs have a moderate energy level. They require regular exercise to stay healthy, which can include daily walks and playtime. It's important to provide them with activities that meet their physical needs and mental stimulation.

What are the best training techniques for Bullmastiffs?

Bullmastiffs respond well to consistent, positive reinforcement training methods. It's best to start training early with basic commands and socialization. Treats, like our Puffs products, can be an effective reward during training sessions. Always be patient and keep training sessions short and engaging.

How do I maintain my Bullmastiff's health?

Routine care for Bullmastiffs includes providing a balanced diet, regular vet check-ups, and staying vigilant for signs of common health problems like hip dysplasia or gastric torsion. Ensuring they have a healthy lifestyle with the right amount of exercise and mental stimulation is also key to their well-being.

Do Bullmastiffs require a lot of grooming?

Bullmastiffs have a short and smooth coat, which requires minimal grooming. They should be brushed weekly to manage shedding and bathed occasionally. Regular grooming for Bullmastiffs also includes dental hygiene, nail trimming, and ear cleaning to prevent any health issues.


This article shares information about dog breeds for educational purposes only, using the American Kennel Club (AKC) as our main source because they're experts on dog breeds. But remember, every dog is unique. What we share might not fit every single dog, even if they are from the same breed. If your dog needs help, whether it's for health or behavior, it's always best to talk to a vet or a dog trainer. They can give advice that fits your pet's specific needs.

We want to help you learn about dogs and how to take care of them, but we can't replace professional advice. Always check with a professional if you're not sure about something to make sure your dog is healthy and happy.