Papillons: Traits, Health, Diet and Care


Discover the world of Papillons-a breed known for their intelligence, friendliness, and adaptability. Find out about their care, diet, and training to keep your Papillon happy and healthy.

Coat Type: Silky
Coat Length: Medium
Male Height: 8-11 inches
Female Height: 8-11 inches
Male Weight: 5-10 pounds
Female Weight: 5-10 pounds
Life Expectancy: 14-16 years

Breed Characteristics

Adaptability level
Affectionate with family
Drooling level
Barking level
Coat grooming frequency
Energy level
Good with other dogs
Good with young children
Mental stimulation needs
Openness to strangers
Playfulness level
Shedding level
Trainability level
Watchdog protective nature


Papillons, with their distinctive butterfly-like ears and spirited personalities, have captivated hearts around the globe, making them a popular choice for dog enthusiasts. Known for their intelligence and elegance, these small dogs pack a lot of character into a petite frame.

In this article, we will uncover the many facets of Papillon care, from their dietary needs to exercise routines, and dive into their unique traits and common health concerns. Whether you're a seasoned Papillon owner or considering welcoming one into your family, this guide will provide you with a comprehensive understanding of what it takes to ensure these charming companions lead a happy and healthy life.

Join us as we explore the world of Papillons, offering insights and tips to help you provide the best care for your fluttering friend.

Papillons Traits and Characteristics

Papillons are a captivating breed known for their distinctive butterfly-like ears and vibrant personalities. They have a rich history as companions to royalty and today, they continue to charm dog lovers around the world with their elegance and intelligence. Let's delve into the traits that make Papillons a unique and beloved breed.


  • Small in stature, standing at 8-11 inches tall for both males and females.
  • Weight ranges from 5-10 pounds, making them a petite breed.
  • They boast a silky, medium-length coat that comes in a variety of colors.
  • Their most notable feature is their large, wing-shaped ears that give them their name.

Temperament and Behavior:

  • Papillons form strong bonds with their families, showing a high level of affection.
  • They are generally friendly with children, but their small size means interactions should be supervised to prevent accidental injury.
  • While they can be sociable with other dogs, they may be selective with their canine friends.
  • Their shedding is moderate, so regular grooming can help to keep loose hair under control.
  • With a low drooling tendency, they are a clean breed, ideal for those who prefer a tidy companion.
  • Open and welcoming to strangers, they make poor guard dogs but excellent greeters.
  • Playfulness is a hallmark of the breed, ensuring they are a source of constant entertainment.
  • They have a protective nature, often alert and vigilant, which can lead to a high level of barking.
  • Adaptability is a strength; they can thrive in various living situations if their needs are met.
  • Highly trainable, they excel in obedience and enjoy learning new tricks and commands.
  • They possess a good deal of energy and require regular exercise to stay healthy and happy.
  • Mental stimulation is crucial for this intelligent breed to prevent boredom and promote good behavior.

These traits come together to form the delightful and complex character of the Papillon. Whether it's their affectionate nature, their keen intelligence, or their exuberant playfulness, Papillons are sure to bring joy and liveliness into any home.

Food and Nutrition - Keeping Papillons Healthy

Papillons are lively little companions that require a well-balanced diet to maintain their health and energy levels. A balanced diet for a Papillon should include a variety of nutrients such as proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals. These nutrients support their active lifestyle, help maintain their silky coat, and contribute to their overall well-being.

High-quality dog food formulated for small breeds or specifically for Papillons is ideal, as it's designed to meet the nutrient requirements of these petite yet energetic dogs. Low-fat dog food options are also beneficial to prevent unnecessary weight gain, which is particularly important for small breeds like Papillons.

When considering treats for Papillons, moderation is key. High-calorie dog treats should be given sparingly to avoid obesity, which can lead to health problems. Instead, one can opt for healthier alternatives like our chew product, the Tibetan Dog Chew, which is a 100% natural, hand-crafted treat with no preservatives and limited ingredients.

It's a high-protein, long-lasting chew that can aid in dental hygiene by helping to reduce plaque and tartar build-up. These chews are non-staining and hard, providing a satisfying chewing experience for Papillons, which can be beneficial for their chewing behavior and dental health.

It is important to remember, however, that while Tibetan Dog Chews are a great addition to a Papillon's routine care, they should not replace their primary diet. These chews are meant to complement a balanced diet and should be used accordingly.

Always ensure that fresh water is available, and monitor your Papillon while they enjoy any chew to ensure safety. By providing a nutrient-rich diet alongside healthy treats like our chew product, one can help their Papillon maintain optimal health and vitality throughout their life.

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Health Information of Papillons

Papillons are generally a healthy and hardy breed with a life expectancy of 14-16 years. However, like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues that potential and current owners should be aware of. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian and proactive care can help ensure that these dogs live a full and happy life. Here are some common health concerns along with care tips for the Papillon breed:

Common Health Concerns:

  • Dental issues: Due to their small mouths, Papillons can be susceptible to dental problems such as tartar buildup and gum disease. Regular dental check-ups and cleanings are important.
  • Patellar luxation: A condition where the kneecap slips out of place, which can be managed or corrected with veterinary care.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): An eye disorder that can lead to blindness. Responsible breeding and genetic testing can help reduce the incidence of PRA.
  • Allergies: Papillons can suffer from various allergies, which may require special diets or medication.

Care Tips:

  • Maintain a regular grooming routine to keep their coat and skin in good condition and to monitor for any signs of skin issues or infections.
  • Provide a balanced diet with the appropriate nutrient requirements for Papillons to support overall health.
  • Ensure they receive adequate exercise to maintain a healthy weight and prevent joint issues.
  • Incorporate mental stimulation into their daily routine to keep their minds sharp and prevent anxiety.
  • Monitor their chewing behavior to prevent ingestion of harmful objects and to keep their teeth clean.

Our antler products can contribute to the overall health regimen of a Papillon. These natural chews are known for being long-lasting and can support dental health by aiding in the removal of plaque and tartar as the dog chews. They are also less likely to splinter compared to other types of chews, making them a safer option for your pet to enjoy.

It is crucial for owners to watch for any signs of health issues in their Papillons and to seek professional veterinary care if concerns arise. While preventative measures and regular care can greatly contribute to a dog's well-being, professional guidance is essential for proper diagnosis and treatment. Remember to follow dog health tips and engage in practices that promote a long, healthy life for your Papillon.

How To Train and Care Papillons

Training a Papillon can be a rewarding experience due to their high trainability level and eagerness to learn. These bright little dogs respond well to positive reinforcement techniques, which include using treats, praise, and play to encourage good behavior.

Consistency and patience are key when training a Papillon. It’s important to start obedience training early and to establish clear rules and routines. Basic dog training commands such as sit, stay, come, and heel are essential and can be taught effectively using these methods.

Our Puffs products can be particularly helpful in training sessions. Since these treats are made from the same natural ingredients as the Tibetan Dog Chew, they offer a familiar and appealing taste that Papillons love. Small, tasty, and easy to digest, our Puffs are an excellent reward during training.

They can help maintain focus and motivation without overfeeding, as their size is perfect for frequent rewards without adding too many extra calories to the dog's diet.

Using these treats to reinforce positive behaviors can make training not only more enjoyable for the Papillon but also more effective. Whether you’re teaching a new trick or reinforcing basic obedience commands, a Puff treat given at the right time can reinforce the learning.

Always remember to balance treat-based rewards with other forms of praise and to adjust your Papillon’s daily food intake accordingly to maintain a balanced diet. As with any training or dietary change, it’s a good idea to consult with a veterinarian or a professional dog trainer to ensure the best approach for your specific Papillon.

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Best Popular and Unique Names For Papillons

Searching for a great and unique dog name for your Papillons? Worry not, here are some unique and purr-fect dog names for your furry friend.

Male Papillons Name Female Papillons Name
Bailey Bella
Jasper Daisy
Finn Luna
Oliver Ruby
Max Zoey
Leo Chloe
Teddy Sophie
Milo Sadie
Oscar Molly
Charlie Rosie

Frequently Asked Questions about Papillons

What are the exercise requirements for a Papillon?

Papillons are active dogs with a moderate to high energy level. They require daily exercise such as walks, playtime, or agility training. Aim for at least 30 minutes of activity each day to keep them physically and mentally stimulated.

How do I maintain good dental hygiene for my Papillon?

Regular brushing with dog-specific toothpaste, providing dental treats, and scheduling dental check-ups with your vet can help maintain your Papillon's dental hygiene. Our chew product can also contribute to dental health by reducing plaque and tartar buildup.

Are Papillons easy to train?

Yes, Papillons are known for their high trainability level. They respond well to positive reinforcement methods such as treats, praise, and play. Consistency and patience are important, and using treats like our Puffs products can be very effective during training sessions.

What are some common behavior concerns with Papillons, and how can I address them?

Papillons may exhibit behaviors like excessive barking or chewing. Address barking by teaching commands like 'quiet' and providing mental stimulation. For chewing behavior, offer safe chew toys or treats like our chew product to redirect their chewing instinct.

What type of dog care questions should I ask my vet regarding my Papillon?

When visiting your vet, ask about the best diet for your Papillon, recommendations for exercise, common breed-specific health concerns, vaccination schedules, and tips for dental care. It's also helpful to discuss any behavioral changes you've noticed.


This article shares information about dog breeds for educational purposes only, using the American Kennel Club (AKC) as our main source because they're experts on dog breeds. But remember, every dog is unique. What we share might not fit every single dog, even if they are from the same breed. If your dog needs help, whether it's for health or behavior, it's always best to talk to a vet or a dog trainer. They can give advice that fits your pet's specific needs.

We want to help you learn about dogs and how to take care of them, but we can't replace professional advice. Always check with a professional if you're not sure about something to make sure your dog is healthy and happy.