Pekingese: Traits, Health, Diet and Care


Learn about the Pekingese's loyal nature, essential care routines, dietary needs, and effective training methods in this engaging guide.

Coat Type: Double
Coat Length: Long
Male Height: 6-9 inches
Female Height: 6-9 inches
Male Weight: up to 14 pounds
Female Weight: up to 14 pounds
Life Expectancy: 12-14 years

Breed Characteristics

Adaptability level
Affectionate with family
Drooling level
Barking level
Coat grooming frequency
Energy level
Good with other dogs
Good with young children
Mental stimulation needs
Openness to strangers
Playfulness level
Shedding level
Trainability level
Watchdog protective nature


The Pekingese, a toy breed with centuries of history as a cherished companion of Chinese nobility, has captured the hearts of dog lovers around the globe. Their unique appearance, combined with a dignified and loyal temperament, makes them a popular choice for many families and individuals. This article is dedicated to all things Pekingese—from understanding their personality traits and care needs to learning about their dietary requirements and common health concerns.

Whether you're a seasoned Pekingese owner or considering welcoming one into your home, this comprehensive guide aims to provide valuable insights and tips to help you ensure that your furry friend is happy, healthy, and well-cared for. Join us as we delve into the captivating world of the Pekingese, and discover what makes this breed so special.

Pekingese Traits and Characteristics

Pekingese dogs, with their regal and affectionate demeanor, have a rich history that dates back to the imperial courts of ancient China. These small canines are known for their distinct appearance and bold personality, which make them a unique companion for dog enthusiasts around the world. Here is a detailed look at the characteristics and personality traits of the Pekingese breed:


  • Small in stature, typically standing between 6 to 9 inches tall.
  • Males and females can weigh up to 14 pounds, making them sturdy despite their size.
  • The breed sports a luxurious double coat that is long and requires regular grooming.
  • Coat colors vary and can include shades such as gold, red, or sable, often with a distinctive black mask.


  • Highly affectionate with their family members, often forming strong bonds.
  • Their interactions with young children and other dogs are moderate, and they may prefer a calm environment.
  • Openness to strangers tends to be reserved, taking time to warm up to new people.
  • Protective by nature, they can serve as alert watchdogs without being excessive barkers.


  • Pekingese dogs exhibit a moderate level of playfulness, enjoying interactive games and toys.
  • Their energy levels are also moderate, requiring daily exercise without being overly demanding.
  • Mental stimulation is important to keep them engaged and prevent boredom.
  • This breed may exhibit behaviors like chewing, so providing suitable toys and chews is beneficial.

Care and Routine:

  • Regular grooming is essential to maintain their coat's health and appearance, including brushing and the occasional bath.
  • Shedding is moderate, so frequent brushing will help manage loose hair.
  • Drooling is minimal, which is convenient for owners who prefer a tidier pet.
  • A balanced diet tailored to their size and nutritional needs will support their overall health.

Exercise and Training:

  • Although not overly energetic, they still need routine exercise to maintain fitness.
  • Their trainability level is moderate, and consistent, patient training is key.
  • Obedience training at home can help in establishing good manners and strengthening the bond between pet and owner.


  • Pekingese typically enjoy a lifespan of 12 to 14 years.
  • As with any breed, they can be prone to certain health issues, so regular veterinary care is important.

In understanding the Pekingese, one appreciates their need for companionship and moderate care. Their noble lineage and charming traits make them a cherished pet for those willing to provide the attention and care they require.

Food and Nutrition - Keeping Pekingese Healthy

When ensuring the health and well-being of a Pekingese, it's crucial to pay attention to their dietary needs. A balanced diet is key for these small yet sturdy dogs, as it supports their energy requirements and maintains their luxurious coats.

The ideal diet for a Pekingese should include high-quality dog food that meets their specific nutrient needs. Opting for low-fat dog food with adequate protein content can help in preventing obesity, which is particularly important given their compact size. Foods dogs can eat should always be safe and appropriate for their breed to avoid any health issues.

Our product, the Tibetan Dog Chew, can be a valuable addition to a Pekingese's diet. Made from natural ingredients such as yak and cow milk, and devoid of preservatives, it's a high-protein, low-fat treat that can satisfy their chewing instincts. Chewing is a natural behavior for dogs, and providing a high calorie dog treat like ours can contribute to dental hygiene by reducing tartar buildup and promoting healthy teeth.

However, it's essential to remember that while our chew product is nutritious, it should complement a balanced diet and not replace it. Regular meals are fundamental, and a Pekingese should be fed high-quality dog food formulated to meet their energy and nutrient requirements.

Feeding a Pekingese should be done with consideration to their size and energy levels. Generally, adult Pekingese can be fed twice a day with good dog food for Pekingese that is rich in nutrients. Treats like the Tibetan Dog Chew can be given sparingly to avoid overfeeding. It's also important to ensure they have access to clean, fresh water at all times.

Monitoring food intake and adjusting portions as needed can help maintain a healthy weight, while regular vet checkups can provide guidance on the best dietary choices for each individual dog. With the right balance of nutrition, exercise, and care, a Pekingese can thrive and lead a happy, healthy life.

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Health Information of Pekingese

Pekingese, with an average life expectancy of 12 to 14 years, are generally resilient dogs. However, like all breeds, they are prone to specific health issues that owners should be aware of. Being proactive about their health can prevent or manage these concerns effectively.

Regular checkups and following dog health tips from veterinarians can go a long way in ensuring the well-being of a Pekingese. Below are some of the common health problems that may affect this breed:

  • Breathing Difficulties: Due to their short noses, Pekingese can suffer from brachycephalic syndrome, which affects their breathing.
  • Eye Problems: Their prominent eyes can lead to issues such as ulcers or dry eyes.
  • Skin Issues: The folds of their skin require regular cleaning to prevent infections or irritations.
  • Heart Disorders: They may develop heart issues as they age, which need to be monitored closely.

Incorporating chew treats like our antler products can play a role in maintaining a Pekingese's health. The act of chewing can help reduce stress, which is beneficial for their overall well-being. Additionally, chewing can aid in keeping their teeth clean and healthy, thus contributing to the prevention of dental diseases.

However, it's important to choose the right size and type of chew to avoid any choking hazards or digestive issues.

For Pekingese owners, here are some suggestions to help manage their pet's health:

  • Regular Veterinary Visits: Schedule routine check-ups to monitor their health and catch any issues early.
  • Healthy Diet: Feed them a balanced diet appropriate for their breed and size.
  • Exercise: Keep them active with daily walks and playtime to support their cardiovascular health.
  • Eye and Skin Care: Gently clean their eyes and skin folds to prevent infections.
  • Dental Hygiene: Provide safe chew treats and brush their teeth regularly to maintain dental health.

If a Pekingese shows signs of health problems, it's crucial to seek professional help. A veterinarian can provide the best advice and treatment options tailored to each dog's needs. Responsible pet care, combined with love and attention, will help ensure that these charming companions live a full and happy life.

How To Train and Care Pekingese

Training a Pekingese requires patience and consistency, due to their moderate trainability level. These intelligent dogs respond well to positive reinforcement techniques, which encourage good behavior by rewarding them with treats or praise.

It's important to start training early, using basic dog training commands such as 'sit', 'stay', 'come', and 'down'. Short, engaging sessions will keep a Pekingese interested and eager to learn. Owners should be gentle and firm, establishing themselves as the leader of the pack while avoiding harsh methods that may lead to stubbornness or anxiety in dogs.

Our Puffs product, which has the same natural ingredients as the Tibetan Dog Chew—yak milk, cow milk, salt, and lime juice—serves as an excellent reward during training sessions. The Puffs are small and easy to portion, making them ideal for use as training treats.

Offering these treats when a Pekingese successfully follows a command reinforces positive behavior and makes the training process more enjoyable for the dog. Moreover, the high-protein content of the Puffs supports their dietary needs, making them a healthy choice for training incentives.

Aside from training, routine care for a Pekingese should include regular grooming to maintain their coat, monitoring their diet to ensure they receive the right nutrients, and providing sufficient exercise to keep them fit. Obedience training for Pekingese at home can be more effective when incorporated into their daily routine.

Using treats like our Puffs can help motivate them during training sessions, while also contributing to their overall health. Remember, always consult with a professional trainer for personalized advice and to address any specific training challenges with your Pekingese.

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Best Popular and Unique Names For Pekingese

Searching for a great and unique dog name for your Pekingese? Worry not, here are some unique and purr-fect dog names for your furry friend.

Male Pekingese Name Female Pekingese Name
Baxter Bella
Winston Daisy
Gizmo Luna
Leo Ruby
Teddy Chloe
Oliver Zoey
Max Gigi
Jasper Molly
Louie Sophie
Finn Hazel

Frequently Asked Questions about Pekingese

How often should a Pekingese be groomed?

Grooming is an essential part of Pekingese care due to their long, double coat. Regular grooming for Pekingese should include brushing at least three times a week to prevent tangles and mats. A full grooming session, which might include a bath and trimming, can be done every 1 to 2 months or as needed.

What is the best way to train a Pekingese?

The best training method for a Pekingese is positive reinforcement. This includes using treats, praise, and playtime to reward good behavior. Keep training sessions short and enjoyable to maintain their attention and interest. Consistency and patience are key in training this breed.

Are Pekingese good with children and other pets?

Pekingese can be good with children and other pets if they are socialized from an early age. They have a moderate temperament, so it's important to supervise interactions with young children who may not know how to handle a small dog gently. With other pets, Pekingese may show a moderate level of friendliness, depending on their individual personality.

What are common health issues for Pekingese?

Some common health problems in Pekingese include respiratory issues due to their short snouts, eye conditions like ulcers, and skin infections in their folds. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian can help catch and manage these issues early on.

How much exercise does a Pekingese need?

Pekingese have a moderate energy level and require daily exercise to stay healthy and happy. A short walk combined with some playtime indoors or in a fenced yard is typically sufficient. They also enjoy interactive toys that can provide mental stimulation.

These FAQs aim to cover the basics of Pekingese behavior, training, and general care. For more detailed information or specific dog care questions, it's always best to consult with a veterinarian or a professional dog trainer.


This article shares information about dog breeds for educational purposes only, using the American Kennel Club (AKC) as our main source because they're experts on dog breeds. But remember, every dog is unique. What we share might not fit every single dog, even if they are from the same breed. If your dog needs help, whether it's for health or behavior, it's always best to talk to a vet or a dog trainer. They can give advice that fits your pet's specific needs.

We want to help you learn about dogs and how to take care of them, but we can't replace professional advice. Always check with a professional if you're not sure about something to make sure your dog is healthy and happy.