Xoloitzcuintli Guide: Diet, Health & Training Tips


Discover the unique world of the Xoloitzcuintli, a breed known for its loving temperament and low-maintenance care. Get essential tips on their diet, health, and training in our focused guide.

Coat Type: Hairless
Coat Length: Short
Male Height: 18-23 inches
Female Height: 18-23 inches
Male Weight: 30-55 pounds
Female Weight: 30-55 pounds
Life Expectancy: 13-18 years

Breed Characteristics

Adaptability level
Affectionate with family
Drooling level
Barking level
Coat grooming frequency
Energy level
Good with other dogs
Good with young children
Mental stimulation needs
Openness to strangers
Playfulness level
Shedding level
Trainability level
Watchdog protective nature


The Xoloitzcuintli, often simply called Xolo, has captured the hearts of dog enthusiasts around the world. This ancient breed, hailing from Mexico, is not only famed for its unique appearance but also for its rich cultural heritage. Over the years, the Xoloitzcuintli has gained popularity not just for its distinctive hairless coat, but also for its loyal and loving nature.

In this article, we delve into the world of the Xoloitzcuintli, uncovering the traits that make them such cherished companions. From their personality and care needs to training tips and common questions, we aim to provide comprehensive insights for current and prospective Xolo owners. Join us as we explore the endearing qualities of these fascinating dogs and discover why they continue to be a beloved breed across the globe.

Xoloitzcuintli Traits and Characteristics

The Xoloitzcuintli, often known as the "Mexican Hairless," is a breed that boasts a unique appearance and a charming personality. These dogs are known for their affectionate nature and devotion to their families. With a rich history that spans back over 3,000 years, they are not only one of the oldest and rarest breeds, but also one of the most distinctive. Let's delve into the various characteristics and personality traits that make the Xoloitzcuintli such a special companion.

  • Appearance: The Xoloitzcuintli comes in both hairless and coated varieties, though the hairless is the most recognized. They possess a sleek body, almond-shaped eyes, and a noble, statuesque head. Their skin can be smooth and tough, showcasing a range of colors from black to slate to red, gold, and liver.
  • Temperament: Known for their calm and tranquil disposition, these dogs form strong bonds with their family members, displaying a high level of affection. While they may be reserved around strangers, they are not typically shy or aggressive.
  • Behavior with children and other dogs: They can be good companions for children and other dogs with proper socialization, but interactions should always be supervised, especially with younger children.
  • Grooming needs: The Xoloitzcuintli is a low-maintenance breed when it comes to grooming. The hairless variety requires protection from the sun and cold, but they do not require frequent brushing. The coated variety, with its short hair, also has minimal grooming requirements.
  • Exercise and mental stimulation: These dogs are moderately energetic and playful, enjoying activities that stimulate both their body and mind. Regular exercise is important to keep them happy and healthy.
  • Trainability: Xoloitzcuintlis are intelligent and trainable, responding well to positive reinforcement techniques. They enjoy learning and can excel in obedience training.
  • Protective nature: While not aggressive, they can be protective of their home and family, making them alert watchdogs.
  • Adaptability: They generally adapt well to different living situations, making them suitable for various homes, including apartments, as long as they receive enough exercise.
  • Health and longevity: With a life expectancy between 13 to 18 years, the Xoloitzcuintli is generally a healthy breed. However, like any breed, they may be prone to certain health issues.

By understanding these traits, potential owners can better appreciate what it means to have a Xoloitzcuintli in their lives and ensure they provide the right environment and care for this remarkable breed.

Food and Nutrition - Keeping Xoloitzcuintli Healthy

The Xoloitzcuintli, with its active and energetic nature, requires a diet that supports its overall health and energy levels. A balanced diet is crucial for this breed, as it helps maintain their lean muscle mass and supports their energy needs. It's essential to provide them with high-quality dog food that meets all nutrient requirements for Xoloitzcuintli.

Nutrients include proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals. Owners should look for good dog food for Xoloitzcuintli that is specifically formulated to meet the needs of a medium-sized dog with a moderate energy level.

When considering treats for the Xoloitzcuintli, moderation is key. Our chew product, the Tibetan Dog Chew, can be an excellent high-calorie dog treat to offer occasionally. It's a 100% natural, hand-crafted chew made from yak and cow milk, containing a high protein content that benefits the dog's muscle development and energy.

However, it is important to remember that this chew is not an alternative to their regular diet but rather a supplement to it. Treats like this should be given sparingly to avoid weight gain, particularly since low fat dog food may be a part of the dog's regular diet to maintain optimal health.

Feeding routines are just as important as diet composition. Xoloitzcuintlis should be fed high-quality dog food twice a day rather than free-fed to prevent overeating and maintain a healthy weight. The amount of food will depend on the individual dog's size, age, and activity level, but generally, a balanced diet for Xoloitzcuintli should be carefully measured.

Consistency in feeding times and portions helps prevent digestive issues and supports a routine that the Xoloitzcuintli can rely on. Always ensure fresh water is available, and keep in mind the specific dietary needs of your Xoloitzcuintli to promote a long and healthy life.

Tibetan Dog Chew - Keeps Your Dog Happy, Healthy & Engaged

Unleash the unbeatable goodness and unmatched quality for your dog with our yak cheese dog chews! Our 100% natural, hand-crafted, preservative-free, and long-lasting chews are the perfect treat for your furry friends.

Health Information of Xoloitzcuintli

The Xoloitzcuintli is generally a healthy breed with a life expectancy of 13 to 18 years, but like all breeds, they may encounter certain health issues throughout their lifespan. Regular veterinary check-ups and preventive care are important to ensure that any potential health concerns are addressed promptly. Here are some common health concerns for Xoloitzcuintli owners to be aware of:

  • Skin Issues: Hairless Xoloitzcuintlis are prone to skin problems such as acne and sunburn. Protective clothing and sunscreen can help mitigate these issues.
  • Dental Problems: Because of their genetic makeup, Xoloitzcuintlis can be more susceptible to dental issues. Regular dental check-ups and cleanings are essential.
  • Joint Disorders: As with many medium to large-sized breeds, they can develop joint problems like hip dysplasia, although this is less common in Xoloitzcuintlis.
  • Eye Conditions: Xoloitzcuintlis may experience eye conditions such as glaucoma or progressive retinal atrophy. Monitoring their eye health can help catch issues early.

Incorporating our antler products into the Xoloitzcuintli's routine can contribute positively to their health by providing a natural and healthy outlet for their chewing behavior, which can help maintain strong teeth and gums. Moreover, these products can serve as a form of entertainment and mental stimulation, potentially reducing anxiety and other stress-related behaviors in dogs.

When it comes to dog health tips, it's always best to consult with a veterinarian before introducing any new products or making changes to your Xoloitzcuintli's care routine. If you notice any unusual signs or symptoms in your dog, seeking professional help is crucial. A vet can offer specific advice and treatment options tailored to your Xoloitzcuintli's needs, ensuring they stay healthy and happy throughout their lives.

How To Train and Care Xoloitzcuintli

Training a Xoloitzcuintli can be a rewarding experience due to their intelligent and eager-to-please nature. Effective training methods for this breed include positive reinforcement techniques such as praise, petting, and treats. Obedience training for Xoloitzcuintli at home should start early, with basic dog training commands like sit, stay, come, and heel.

Consistency and patience are key when training this breed, as they respond well to routine and clear expectations. It's important to offer mental stimulation during training sessions to keep them engaged and focused.

Our Puffs products can be an excellent addition to the training process. Just like the Tibetan Dog Chew, they are made from natural ingredients like yak and cow milk, which provide a tasty and high-protein reward for your Xoloitzcuintli. Using these treats during training can help reinforce positive behavior and make the learning process more enjoyable for your dog. Since the treats are small and easy to consume, they are perfect for repetitive training exercises where you need to reward your dog frequently without overfeeding.

When caring for a Xoloitzcuintli, remember to provide a balanced diet, regular exercise, and routine veterinary care. Training should also include socialization to help your Xoloitzcuintli become well-adjusted to different people, animals, and environments. Incorporating treats like our Puffs products into training sessions can help motivate your Xoloitzcuintli and strengthen the bond between you and your pet.

Always monitor your dog's response to treats and adjust their daily food intake accordingly to maintain a healthy weight. With the right training and care, your Xoloitzcuintli can become a well-behaved and cherished member of the family.

Watch your dog chew on pure happiness!

Introducing Yak Cheese Puffs – the ultimate delight for your furry friend's taste buds. Keep them entertained and satisfied with a treat that's as joyful as they are!

Best Popular and Unique Names For Xoloitzcuintli

Searching for a great and unique dog name for your Xoloitzcuintli? Worry not, here are some unique and purr-fect dog names for your furry friend.

Male Xoloitzcuintli Name Female Xoloitzcuintli Name
Aztec Xochi
Quetzal Citlali
Montezuma Malinali
Balam Itzel
Cacao Ameyal
Huitzil Yolotli
Teotl Nahuatl
Ollin Tenoch
Tecun Cozamalotl
Xipil Zapotl

FAQs About Xoloitzcuintli

What kind of temperament does a Xoloitzcuintli have?

Xoloitzcuintlis are known for their calm and affectionate temperament. They are loyal to their families and can be reserved around strangers. These dogs are intelligent and require regular interaction and mental stimulation to keep them content.

How much exercise does a Xoloitzcuintli need?

Xoloitzcuintlis have a moderate energy level and require daily exercise to stay healthy. A combination of physical activities like walks or playtime and mental exercises such as training sessions or interactive toys is ideal for this breed.

Are Xoloitzcuintlis easy to train?

Yes, Xoloitzcuintlis are quite trainable due to their intelligence and eagerness to please their owners. Consistent, positive reinforcement methods work best for training this breed. Using treats like our Puffs products can be beneficial as a reward during training sessions.

What are the grooming requirements for a Xoloitzcuintli?

The grooming needs for a Xoloitzcuintli are relatively low. Hairless Xoloitzcuintlis should be bathed regularly to keep their skin clean, and they may require sunscreen or protective clothing when outdoors. Coated Xoloitzcuintlis just need occasional brushing to remove loose hair.

Do Xoloitzcuintlis have any common health problems?

While Xoloitzcuintlis are generally healthy, they can be prone to certain health issues such as skin problems, dental issues, and eye conditions. Regular veterinary check-ups and a proper care routine can help manage and prevent these concerns.


This article shares information about dog breeds for educational purposes only, using the American Kennel Club (AKC) as our main source because they're experts on dog breeds. But remember, every dog is unique. What we share might not fit every single dog, even if they are from the same breed. If your dog needs help, whether it's for health or behavior, it's always best to talk to a vet or a dog trainer. They can give advice that fits your pet's specific needs.

We want to help you learn about dogs and how to take care of them, but we can't replace professional advice. Always check with a professional if you're not sure about something to make sure your dog is healthy and happy.